Type 2 diabetes is the most common variety of diabetes. It is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism in which the body effectively becomes resistant to the hormone insulin.
There was a time when certain diseases were unheard of. Diabetes increases your risk for a lot of serious health problems. If you’ve recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your doctor probably said how important diet and exercise are in controlling your blood sugar.
However, because the disease progresses, people with type 2 diabetes are often prescribed tablets to manage their blood glucose levels. These tablets are intended to be used along with healthy eating and regular physical activity, not as a substitute. Diabetes tablets aren’t an oral form of insulin and they require insulin to become present in the body to be effective.
Symptoms of diabetes
These are the classical symptoms of diabetes
- Frequent urination due to large volume of urine (polyuria),
- Hunger and eating more (polyphagia), and
- Excessive thirst (polydipsia),
- Loss of weight despite eating more
Drugs list for managing type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is really a progressive disease due to the gradual loss of beta-cell function. In type 2 diabetes, the treatment often commences with tablets right after diagnosis. The tablets are called oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs) and try to lower blood glucose levels. The diabetes drugs list for type 2 diabetes include 6 main categories of OHAs which are suplhoylureas, biguanides, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, glitazones, prandial glucose inhibitors and gliptins. There are many side-effects related to OHAs. Hypoglycaemia and weight gain are side-effects of the sulphonylureas. All OHAs include gastro-intestinal disturbances, nausea, diarrhoea, rashes and renal impairment as you possibly can side-effects.
Types Of Diabetes Pills
Many types of diabetes pills might help people with type 2 diabetes lower their blood glucose. Each type of pill helps lower blood glucose in a different way. You may know your pill (or pills) with a different name.
Each of the medicines discussed here has side effects and other warnings and precautions. Some diabetes pills have been related to increased risk of heart disease. It is important to go over the risks and benefits of a drug with your doctor before starting any therapy.
Side Effects of Type 2 Diabetes
High blood sugar levels are recognized to damage our nerves, and even blood vessels. In case of nerve damage, areas which are prone to getting affected would be the digestive system, or even the hands and feet, which can be confronted with tingling or other sensations for example numbness.
When a patient takes insulin, glucose can enter his cells, and also the glucose levels in the blood drops. This is the desired therapeutic effect. However, when the number of calories ingested and the level of activity result in more calories than the patient needs to maintain his current or healthy weight, his cells will get more glucose compared to what they need. Glucose that isn’t used turns into fat which causes weight gain. This weight gain can in the long run result in an increase in the patient’s insulin dosage. This vicious cycle is self propagating increasing the patient’s risk for experiencing adverse events.
All these conditions are amongst the more commonly known side effects of diabetes, but eye problems are yet another that come about due to being diabetic. A condition referred to as retinopathy can lead to blindness in the long run too, because of damage in the retina’s blood vessels.
It isn’t unusual to locate that a person suffering from diabetes is more prone to suffer from heart problems too. Living with diabetes may become pretty hard on people. People suffering from diabetes are doubly vulnerable to a heart attack as opposed to people who do not suffer from it.
Kidney damage, or kidney failure is yet another side aftereffect of diabetes, this is mainly because the system that filters waste in the body can get damaged, thus, resulting in problems such as kidney transplant, or even dialysis.