Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. There are a range of tests which will have to be done to monitor your health as well as your diabetes.
Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. Diabetes is really a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Diabetes testing mostly contained a physician dipping his pinkie right into a urine sample and tasting it to get on abnormally high sugar. By consuming, your body turns food into sugars, or glucose. At that time, your pancreas is supposed to release insulin.
Diabetes is really a chronic condition. For our bodies to work properly we need to convert glucose from food into energy. A hormone called insulin is important for the conversion of glucose into energy. There are a range of tests which will have to be done to monitor your health as well as your diabetes. Some of these, such as your blood sugar levels. There are a number of tests which may be done to find out if you have diabetes.
Just about all diabetes tests are now conducted on liquid blood samples, which are collected in a visit to your physician (if you’re pregnant). For those who have an abnormal result meaning blood glucose is too high on any of these tests, you will need to have more testing. Many things can impact blood sugar. A diabetes diagnosis requires more than just one abnormal blood sugar result.
Fasting Blood Glucose
A fasting blood glucose level is really a measure of how much glucose is within your blood when you have not eaten anything not less than 10 hours . The fasting blood test is generally taken first thing in the morning. Whenever you wake up in the morning you visit the laboratory for the test before you have had anything to eat or drink.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
This test is most commonly performed during pregnancy. You typically have your blood drawn once, then drink a syrupy glucose solution and also have your blood drawn at 30 to 60 minute intervals for up to 3 hours to see how your body is handling the glut of sugar. Depends upon how many grams of glucose have been in the solution, which can vary.
Random Blood Glucose Level
If you have the symptoms of diabetes you may be asked to go to the laboratory for any random blood glucose test. This can be a blood glucose level taken anytime of the day after you have eaten anytime. If this level is 11.1mmol/L or more, you have diabetes. However, a fasting blood test can also be carried out on another day to confirm the diagnosis.
Urine testing involves holding an evaluation strip under a stream of urine for some seconds and comparing the color change on the strip, after a set amount of time, with the chart around the strip container. If you have been advised to check your urine for glucose it is best to test it in the morning before your breakfast. Empty your bladder when you are getting up, then test a sample passed 30 minutes later.
For somebody without diabetes the blood pressure should be no higher than 140/85 but when you have diabetes (or you have had a heart attack, stroke or heart disease) your blood pressure should be no greater than 130/80.
It is important to have your blood pressure checked at least once a year in your annual review for diabetes. This can help to ensure that it is in the target range and never increasing your risk of developing diabetes complications.
The HbA1c Blood Test
If you have diabetes, your HbA1c level might be done every 2-6 months from your doctor or nurse. This test measures your recent average blood sugar level. The test measures an element of the red blood cells. Glucose within the blood attaches to part of the red blood cells. This part could be measured and gives a good indication of the average blood glucose over the previous 2-3 months.
For people with diabetes, treatment aims to reduce the HbA1c level to below a target level that is usually agreed between you and your doctor. Ideally, the aim would be to maintain your HbA1c to less than 48 mmol/mol (6.5%) however this may not always be possible to achieve and also the target level of HbA1c should be agreed on an individual basis between both you and your doctor.