When you have type 2 diabetes, steps you take before becoming pregnant are as important as your prenatal care.
Women with type 2 diabetes need to take extra care during pregnancy. Pregnancy in women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes usually results inside a normal delivery with no effects on the mother’s or the child’s long-term health. However, poorly controlled blood glucose levels during pregnancy might have long term effects for mum and bub, as well as complications during delivery.
The chance of health complications for women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes is a lot higher than that for women with gestational diabetes. Various lifestyle factors, for instance, sedentary lifestyle and wrong diet that cause obesity; and certain genetic factors (a family history) are viewed to be responsible for the development of type 2 diabetes in women.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is really a condition in which cells in the body develop insulin resistance. The cells do not respond to the hormone insulin and therefore do not absorb glucose from blood. Therefore high blood glucose levels have emerged by the individual. To lower the high blood glucose levels, pancreas starts releasing increasingly more insulin.
The capacity of the pancreas to produce insulin being limited, the amount of insulin eventually appears to be insufficient to lower the elevated blood glucose levels. Overworking hampers the capacity of the pancreas and lastly, it starts secreting less insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common in elderly but these days, children and young adults will also be being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Excessive thirst, excessive urination, slow healing wounds, are some of the common symptoms of diabetes in women.
The organs of the baby form during the very first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman recognizes that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can impact those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects within the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart.
Big babies Once the sugar is high during the pregnancy it can freely cross in to the baby and it is as if the baby converts the sugar into fat. These bigger babies tend to be more difficult for both the mother and infant sometimes of delivery. It is important to remember there are other causes of big babies and sugar is only one of the reasons a baby might be large.
C- Section (Cesarean Section)
A C-section is a surgery to provide the baby through the mother’s belly. A woman who has diabetes that isn’t well controlled has a higher possibility of needing a C-section to deliver the baby. Once the baby is delivered by a C-section, it requires longer for the woman to recover from childbirth.
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
People with diabetes taking insulin or other diabetes medications can develop blood sugar that is too low. Low blood sugar can be very serious, as well as fatal, if not treated quickly. Seriously low blood sugar can be avoided if women watch their blood sugar closely and treat low blood sugar early.
Miscarriage Or Stillbirth
A miscarriage is really a loss of the pregnancy before 20 weeks. Stillbirth implies that after 20 weeks, the baby dies within the womb. Miscarriages and stillbirths can happen for a lot of reasons. A woman who has diabetes that isn’t well controlled has a higher possibility of having a miscarriage or stillbirth.
What Can You Do to Lower Your Risk of Type 2 Diabetes?
A healthy eating plan that includes plenty of grains, fruits, and vegetables is better. Cut down on calories and fats. If you worked with a dietitian during your gestational diabetes, ask her that will help you design a meal plan for diabetes prevention.
Regular Medical Care
The American Diabetes Association recommends when you had gestational diabetes, you should have your blood sugar checked 6 weeks after delivery and at least every 3 years after that. Your doctor can help you control risk factors for example cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
Ask your doctor and dietitian to provide you with an ideal target weight. Even losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight can make a big improvement in reducing your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Physical activity increases your use of blood sugar. Any regular activity that will get you physically active for 30 minutes a day is really a big diabetes risk-reducer.
Breastfeeding burns calories and is a good way to lower your weight after gestational diabetes. Breastfeeding also has many health benefits for you personally and your baby.