Diabetes can be dangerous to your feet – even a small cut can produce serious consequences. Following are the top 6 special foot care tips for diabetic patients.
Diabetic patients suffer from feet problems due to poor blood circulation in the lower limbs. There is a danger of having blisters and sores. The feet can become numb due to peripheral neuropathy. It is important to pay special attention to diabetic foot care , because present carelessness can lead to painful foot ulcers and even amputations in case of people suffering from diabetes, leaving them physically disables and emotionally broken for the rest of the life. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can lead to various types of foot problems such as foot ulcers, Athlete’s Foot, corns, calluses, etc. and it is important to follow healthy foot care tips to prevent these problems.
Foot Complications Related to Diabetes:
There are mainly five types of diabetic foot complications like skin changes, neuropathy, calluses, foot ulcers, poor circulation, and amputation.
- Skin Changes: Diabetes can cause dry and cracked skin. It generates changes in the colour of the feet. When the levels of the blood glucose become high, the body starts to lose fluid. This happens because the body is transforming the water into urine to surpass additional glucose from the body.
- Calluses: Calluses on the feet refer to the thickened portion of the skin. They are round, and they form at the bony area just underneath the toes. The poorly fitting shoes can cause calluses on the top of the toes, and excessive running can cause calluses on the sole of the feet.
- Neuropathy: Neuropathy is widely known as peripheral neuropathy. The main causes of neuropathy are repetitive injury, metabolic problems, physical trauma, and infection.
- Foot Ulcer: Diabetic foot ulcer is the most well-known complications of diabetes mellitus and also one of the most problematic diabetic foot problems. Peripheral artery disease, smoking, diabetic neuropathy, poor glycemic control and ischemia of small blood vessels increase the chance of foot ulcers.
- Poor Circulation: Poor blood circulation occurs when the different parts of the body don’t receive sufficient blood flow. In diabetic patients, high blood glucose level can damage the blood vessels.
Natural Care for Diabetic Foot:
To avoid serious foot problems that could result in losing a toe, foot, or leg, follow these guidelines
Wash, clean And Dry properly
Diabetic foot infections can be restricted through regular washing and cleaning. Even health conscious people most of the time skip proper washing of the feet in the shower regularly. A clean foot is a healthy foot. Don’t forget to clean between the toes as cleaning of toes also reduce the chances of infection. The feet remain confined in closed shoes for a long time and the moisture and sweat increases the chances of bacterial infection. If we don’t wash the feet daily it can cause foot odor, other skin problems and fungal infections.
The foot muscles, like other muscles need daily exercise to remain active for a longer period. Walking puts pressure on the feet. A daily walk helps keep the ligaments and tendons flexible, and also helps strengthen leg muscles. Diabetes usually damages the nerves of the feet that reduce the ability to feel discomfort or pain. Diabetes can also cause blood circulation problems. But Regular walking helps in imporving blood circulation and recovering sensation in the feet.
Stop Smoking to Protect your Feet
If you have diabetes, it is immensely important to try to stop smoking. Smoking impairs the blood circulation, particularly in men and women with diabetes. It can seriously worsen the leg and foot problems.
Never Go Barefoot
Wearing shoes when going outside makes sense for most people, but diabetic patients should also protect their feet inside the house by wearing soft and comfortable slippers at all times. This is because, diabetic neuropathy reduces sensation in the foot, and any scrapes or splinters lying on the floor can penetrate the skin and cause a wound. But diabetic patients won’t even notice these damages until they are infected and swelled. Therefore, it is best to wear comfortable diabetic footwear at all times to minimize the risk of foot injuries and infections.
Use Moisturizer On Feet
The dry foot skin can be cured through the proper use of Moisturizer regularly. Regular wearing of sandals and sunny climate lower the chances of foot problems. Cocoa shea butter cream is helpful in reducing the problems of dry foot skin. It is rich in antioxidants, and Vitamin E. Antioxidants protect skin by reducing the production of free radicals that can damage skin cells.
Control Blood Sugar
There is an intimate relationship between the blood sugar level and damage to the nerve cells. Out-of-control blood sugar leads to neuropathy that will make it hard to know when the feet are at risk or being damaged. The better you are at controlling the blood sugar, the healthier the feet will be over the long term. If one already has an infection, high blood sugar levels can make it difficult for the human body to fight it.